10th International Student/Young Pugwash (ISYP) Conference in Astana

The 10th International Student/Young Pugwash (ISYP) conference, “Nuclear World Order: Global and Regional Security Issues and Prospects for Cooperation,” was held in Astana, Kazakhstan on 23-24 August 2017.

The conference included 32 participants from 20 countries who presented papers on a broad range of subjects: measuring disarmament progress; interplay between disarmament and non-proliferation objectives; future of deterrence; impact of emerging technologies; assessment of regional challenges in North-East Asia, South Asia and the Middle-East, and other issues central to the mission of ISYP and the Pugwash Conferences.

ISYP has been a unique platform that brings new and young voices into the debate. It aspires to inspire and encourage the next generation of both scientists and policy-makers to develop a forward-thinking mentality in addressing the complicated challenges of today. The below report is a summary of the themes and topics covered in the conference. ISYP is grateful for the opportunity to share our thoughts with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. It is our hope that this report and the activities of ISYP will enrich the conversations and actions of the entire Pugwash community. ISYP also expresses its gratitude to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan for its support for this conference.

ISYP Astana Report

ISYP Participant List

 


Conference Programme

22 August Participants Arrive at the Hotel
23 August ISYP Day 1
06:00 – 9:30 Breakfast
9:30 – 9:45 ISYP Conference – RegistrationConference Venue: Park Inn Hotel, 2nd floor
9:45 – 10:00 Opening Plenary Session – Welcome (Meeting Rooms #4 and #5)

  • Yerbolat Sembayev, Ambassador at Large, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Anna Pèczeli, Chair of the ISYP Board
10:00 – 11:45 Parallel Working Groups: Session 1 Working Group A – Measuring disarmament progress

  • Moderator: Roberta Mulas
  • Koji Enomoto: Commitment to CTBT and Regional Security in Northeast Asia
  • Kenta Horio: Regional Nuclear Safeguards: Implications for North-East Asia
  • Artur Surayev: Scientific activity of te IAE NNC RK on ensuring the safety of nuclear reactors

Working Group B – The future of MENA

  • Moderator: Poul-Erik Christiansen
  • Arwa Ben Ahmed: Security Sector reform after the Arab Spring
  • Ezra Daniel Friedman: A Gaza-Seaport: New Ideas and New Opportunities for Peace
  • Dina Saadallah: In The Name of Thy Security: Jordan, Israel and the Question Over the Jordan Valley’s Strategic Significance
12:00 – 13:30 Lunch
13:30 – 15:15 Parallel Working Groups: Session 2Working Group A – Shifting balances: the future of deterrence

  • Moderator: Petr Korzun
  • Kevin Miletic: The Role of Conventional Weapons in the Nuclear Disarmament Equation
  • Tong Zhao: THAAD and Missile Defense Dispute in Northeast Asia
  • Anna Pèczeli: The Trump administration’s Nuclear Posture Review and its implications for U.S. nuclear strategy
  • Valentin Tskhe: Conversion of research reactors of the IAE NNC RK

Working Group B – Emerging technology and Ethical Issues

  • Moderator: Kentaro Ide
  • Natalia Samoylovskaya: Progress and nuclear technologies: dangerous legacy of the 20th century
  • Ben Reimold: Combating crisis with creativity: The promise of the Maker Movement to empower refugees
  • Katrin HeilmannControlling emerging technologies: what role can businesses play?
  • Cameron HarringtonThe ethics of climate security
  • Malika Azhibayeva: Express Test of Immunochromatographic and enzyme multiplied immunoassays oto detect infectious diseases
15:15 – 15:45 Break
15:45 – 17:30 Parallel Working Groups: Session 3Working Group A – Into the powder keg: security challenges from North Korea

  • Moderator: Tong Zhao
  • Michiel Hoogeveen: Moving Beyond the Nuclear Impasse
  • Elisabeth Suh: Diplomacy between the U.S. and North Korea – Options to Manage the Crisis
  • Eriko Katsumi Stronach: North Korea’s Cyber Capabilities
  • Kentaro Ide: Measuring Tactical Effectiveness of Sanctions Policy

Working Group B – Defusing the tension: security challenges in the Middle East

  • Moderator: Cameron Harrington
  • Hadi Ajili: US Policy toward Iran in the Post-JCPOA Era
  • Saeed Alwahabi: Nuclear Programs; a Political Will First, but Not Enough: The Case of Libya and UAE
  • Rebecca Brindza: SESAME as a Model for Middle Eastern Cooperation or Cross-Border Exchange is a Virtual Reality
17:30 – 18:30 ISYP Executive Board meeting
19:00 – 21:00 Dinner with members of the Pugwash Executive Committee (TBC)
24 August ISYP Day 2
07:30 – 09:00 Breakfast
09:00 – 10:30 Parallel Working Groups: Session 4Working Group A – Country perspectives on disarmament and non-proliferation

  • Moderator: Kentaro Ide
  • Deandra Moerdaning: An Indonesian Perspective on the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI): Time for change?
  • Arnaud Sologny: Nuclear Symbolism in the French Political Mind Set
  • Arka Biswas: India and the Nuclear Ban Treaty: Deconstructing New Delhi’s Position on the On-Going Negotiations
  • Abay Usseinov: Kazakhstan as example in the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and the development of peaceful nuclear technologies
  • Zhannat Baygazenev: Semipalatinsk Polygon: the present time and perspectives
  • Yerbal Buraschev: Bio-safety

Working Group B – Who’s in charge? Emerging challenges to arm control in South Asia

  • Moderator: Cameron Harrington
  • Sobia Saeed Paracha: Emerging Early Warning and Command and Control Challenges in South Asia
  • Salma Shaheen: Exploring factors influencing the Evolution and Stability of Command Control Systems in Small Nuclear Weapon States
  • Tanvi Kulkarni: From Nuclear Disarmament to Arms Control: Changing the Narrative in South Asia
10:30 –11:00 Break
11:00 –12:30 Plenary Session: Session 5Looking to the future – challenges and opportunities for international institutions

  • Moderator: Anna Pèczeli
  • Wilfred Wan: A regional path to the Future
  • Andrew Gibson: Fake news and WMD
  • Petr Korzun: From modernization to elimination
  • Biejan Poor Toulabi: Reshaping the Global Nuclear Order: From Non-Proliferation to Nuclear Ban
  • Joe Schofield: Northeast Asia’s Inflection Point For Plutonium Stockpiling:An Opportunity to Maximize Pugwash’s Resources and Expertise
  • Meirzhan Temirbayev: Spent fuel recycle separation and reprocessing
12:30 – 14:00 Lunch
14:00 – 15:30 Final PlenaryGroup discussion to integrate the discussions of WGA & WGB

Chairs: ISYP Executive Board Members

15:30 – 16:00 Break
17:00 – 18:30 Sir Joseph Rotblat Symposium
Benoît Pelopidas (Science Pô, Paris)
The next generation(s) facing nuclear weapons: Forgetful, indifferent, but supportive?” with Introductory Remarks by Jayantha Dhanapala, President of Pugwash
19:00 ISYP Conference closes
19:30 – 21:00 ISYP Dinner
21:00 Informal social event
25-29August 62nd Pugwash International Conference “Confronting New Nuclear Dangers
29 August Most Participants Depart
30 August Remaining Participants Depart
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